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Novovodolazhskiy Rybkhoz Fish Farm - Nikolay Bezkorsy
Novovodolazhskiy Rybkhoz Fish Farm - Nikolay Bezkorsy
Address: Staroverovka vil.,Novovodolazhskiy district, Kharkiv oblast, Ukraine
Phone: 8-240-2-22-18
Established: 2001
Ownership: private
Number of employees: 25
Number of founders: 1
   Private Agro-farm "Novovodolazhskiy Rybkhoz” was established in February 2001. It is a member of the Union of Fisheries of Ukraine "Ukrrybsoyuz”. The farm is involved in growing fish fry and commercial fish species: common carp, grass carp (known as white amur), bighead carp, pike, crucian. At present the farm has 3 ponds, the first with the surface area of 117 ha for growing commercial species of fish, the second with the surface area of 29 ha- for fish fry, and the third new one with an area of 410 ha.
   In 2002, 45 tons of fish was grown by the farm, including 27 tons of commercial fish species and 17 tons of fish fry. It is planned to produce not less than 200 tons of fish in 2003. Products are mainly sold at the markets in Kharkiv and through distributors.
   Farm’s buildings and equipment: buildings for workers, storage facilities, 2 tractors, 3 cars, water tanks.
   In 2002 the company developed a business–plan "Organization of Production of the Natural Food Products at the Enterprise "Novovodolazhskiy Rybkhoz” on the Basis of the New Energy Saving and Waste Free Technologies”. This project is based on using new technologies of fish growing.
   Goals for the trip:58
♦ To get acquainted with the advanced technologies of fish growing, utilized by American fish farms.
♦ To get acquainted with the whole system of product promotion and distribution
♦ To look for an investor for implementation of business-plan, developed by the farm
   CEI: What have you learned on the tour?
   Mykola: Although I’ve seen a lot, I can’t say I’ve learned a lot. I would like to learn a lot. When I was interviewed, I was primarily interested in three major areas: paddlefish, culturing technology and crayfish and trout. I am very glad that Jeff included those things into our program. Considering there were 16 participants in the program, it was surprisingly that he covered exactly my three areas of interest. Fish farming differs from grain cultivation because you deal with fertilizers, etc. For us, a more refined approach is required. Ninety percent of your success and profit in fish farming actually depends on the stocking material, the fry, which you get. If I had been you in an agriculture program, I would emphasize more the hatching and basically, the cultivating of fry because it’s not that difficult to raise market size fish. For us, for example, 4 or 6 participants would have been adequate to study the paddlefish culture. I personally, would be very interested in immersing myself in the whole process. And another couple could concentrate on trout. I’d like to mention that Mykhaylo Len and I have developed 2 programs, based on our observations during this study tour that we are going to implement.
   But more research is required. We will need eggs at the early stage, using James Gray from Wolf Creek. I think there are 3 people in our group who will be able essential to further develop this program but I don’t want to be the one to conduct this. For trout cultivation, the water resources require a 3-man team. At the next stage, we’ll be able to farm paddlefish but that would have to include the hatching stage. I can’t say when it will happen; I can only say that it is supposed to happen. Actually, on a couple of occasions I had a chance to travel to the Krasnograd region to study their paddlefish cultivation technology because where I live we are pretty much happy with our volumes of carp. Since we’ve have excellent results, we looking for alternative fishes and more interesting for me, but then this union disintegrated and there were doubtful economics that was pretty much the end of my efforts.
   CEI: Is shipping a problem shipping fry from Wolf Creek to Kharkiv?
Mykola: No, it’s shipped in small boxes and it’s only very important that the box isn’t opened in

   CEI: As far as shipping live products, it’s not impossible because you can work with U. S. Department of Agriculture or the Ukrainian government, but it’s not easy.
   Mykola: Yes, everything depends on our mutual desire. As far as paddlefish goes, there’ll be appropriate groups comprising 2 or 3 individuals who will come here to work hands on with paddlefish and go through the whole cycle. Another interesting appointment was with Eric Shaffer at Freedom Feeds. They did not disclose their formulas but they’re entitled not to do that. The University of Kentucky is studying the impact of changing feed on the immune system of fish. So, metaphorically, it’s like training a dog to eat grass instead of meat which is very interesting. I’ll stay in touch with him since I have Boris Gomelski’s e-mail address because I’m very curious about the results of his investigation and that is something we should implement.
   The thing is that in fish farming this approach doesn’t work because what happens is that our of hundreds of budding farmers, in a process of natural selection only a few will be able to remain. Obviously it is the survival of the fittest and I can tell you from my own experience, and I’ve been doing this for years. And it is important that those survivors should be thinkers as well. Actually I think that the work done by your Center in terms of agriculture is a big plus for the Kharkiv oblast. It would be advisable to have a map showing our itinerary and the route with all the places we visited.

   CEI: Which map? Southeastern U.S.
   Mykola: That is actually for the public at large, because the people in my rayon were very intrigued how Americans invited me here. It is really amazing how the government and universities support education on the part of farmers to teach them how to raise different kinds of fish. That is something that our universities and government should be doing. Also, during one of our last appointments at Graves County Cooperative we learned something that certainly should be implementing right now in Kharkiv. It is a burning issue. If we summarize everything,all our learnings are basically things we could do in Kharkiv. I can name all kinds of thingsincluding marketing and processing and up to 10 different ideas that we can be successfullyimplement in the Kharkiv Oblast. For example, Oleg Lushchyk imports 12,000 tons of fish every
year and that is something we could successfully produce in Kharkiv, but the important thinghere is to follow the technology, not to do things in a slip shod manner, but to follow them to the top. This is actually a big plus to you and your vice-president, Iryna, Jeff, Sasha and everybody we met at CEI. Basically, everybody has his/her responsibility while working on a team and the mission was accomplished.

   CEI: We thank you for your comments.
   Mykola: Actually, at the Wolf Creek Hatchery I saw this jar hatching device there and it was so interesting because it was on the surface. We tend to look for complicated solutions. The solution we saw was very simple and very accessible. It was great and it was simple. Also, when we visited Kentucky State, I was very impressed that there was a researcher from India was working there. My understanding is that the living standards in the U.S. are so high that it has time to train an average citizen to consume more expensive species of fish, including paddlefish. The government is thinking about the Asian competitors from the market, or the government must think about this, not some farmer.
   CEI: Our main concern is that you get ideas that you can take back to help your farms.
   Mykola: Yes, I need to come here again to learn more about paddlefish. The entire group needs to return. It’s not easy to start raising trout and then switch over to raising paddlefish. We can’t just talk and hope things will get better. There’s also research. And then we will need to find an artesian well to pump water out because we cannot really use our electricity for that and that was one of the reasons why all those trout farms have gone out of business in Ukraine. We need to set up the facilities and then we will need fish eggs.
   CEI: We are sure you are going to go back and tell lots of people what you have learned here.
   Mykola: Yes, of course.

Агентство США по Международному Развитию
United States Agency for International Development

Источник: http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACA509.pdf
Категория: Что пишет пресса | Добавил: Admin (26.02.2011) | Автор: USAID
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